Concussion is the most common and least serious type of brain injury. How do you know if you have a concussion?Is it always serious?And what to do if you do have a concussion - the symptoms and treatment are not known to everyone.
The concussion of the brain most often occurs because of an unexpected blow to the head. Sometimes, as a result of this blow, the brain literally shifts from its place. Brain trauma can cause bruising, damage to blood vessels and nerves. As a result, the brain can not function properly. With a concussion, your vision may be impaired, you may lose balance, or lose consciousness.
Symptoms of concussion
Sometimes it is difficult to diagnose a concussion. Even if you can have wounds or bruises on your head, this does not mean that you got a concussion. Signs of concussion may appear several days or weeks after the injury. Some symptoms last for several seconds, others may be prolonged.
Concussion occurs quite often. But it is important to recognize the symptoms of a
There are some common physical, mental and emotional symptoms that can occur in a person as a result of a concussion. Any of these may be a sign of brain injury:
- confusion or lethargy
- matted it
- nausea or vomiting
- balance problems or dizziness
- blurred vision
- sensitivity to light
- sensitivity to noise
- ringing in the ears
- behavior changes
- difficulty concentrating
- memory loss
Different types of concussion and their symptoms
The concussion may be mild( grade 1), moderate( grade 2), or severe( grade 3), depending on factors such as loss of consciousness, amnesia, and loss of balance.
- With concussion of the 1st degree, symptoms last less than 15 minutes. There is no loss of consciousness.
- At 2 degrees of concussion, there is no loss of consciousness, but the symptoms last longer than 15 minutes.
- At the 3rd degree of concussion a person loses consciousness, sometimes only for a few seconds.
How to treat a concussion
The severity of a concussion determines which treatment you need. Most people who get a concussion, completely recover with proper treatment. But, since a concussion can be serious, it's important to take care of yourself. Here's what to do:
- Get medical help. The doctor can determine how serious the concussion is, and whether it requires treatment.
If you have received a concussion of 1 or 2 degrees, wait until the symptoms disappear, and then return to normal activities. This can take several minutes, hours, days, and even a week.
If you have a grade 3 concussion, immediately consult your doctor for examination and treatment. The doctor will ask how the injury occurred, and discuss with you the symptoms. The doctor can also ask you simple questions like "Where do you live?", "What is your name?", Or "Who is the president of our country?" The doctor asks such questions to assess your memory and concentration.
A physician can check the coordination of reflexes - the functions of the central nervous system. The doctor may prescribe a CT scan or an MRI to determine if there is a bleeding or other serious brain damage.
If hospitalization is not required, the doctor will tell you how to be treated. Drugs that do not contain aspirin Aspirin is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug , and you will be advised not to worry. Experts recommend to see the doctor within 24-72 hours if symptoms worsen.
- Relax. If the concussion occurred during sports activities, leave the game and sit. Your brain needs time to recover, and rest is needed. Do not return to classes on the same day. If you return too fast to the sport, you increase the risk of getting a new concussion, which will make the damage more severe.
- Prophylaxis of repeated concussion. Repeated concussion has a total effect on the brain. Alternate concussions can have devastating effects, including edema Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause of brain, irreversible brain damage, prolonged disability, and even death. Do not go back to normal activity if you still have symptoms. Ask your doctor to return to work or practice with confidence.
Treatment of concussion in children
Since the head of a small child is disproportionately large compared to the trunk, children often experience concussions. When children reach adolescence, they grow quickly and gain weight. These factors make them more prone to injury, compared to adults.
If a child has a concussion, the adult should observe how he will feel in the first 24 hours.
It is important to monitor changes in the behavior of the child. Little children, in particular, can not fully explain what they feel, so it is very important to watch them closely. Do not give the child medicines,( including aspirin, which can cause bleeding) without consulting a doctor.
Prevention of concussion
By nature, concussion is an unexpected phenomenon, so preventing it is not easy. But there are some considerations that you can follow, based on common sense, to reduce the risk of possible brain injury.
- Wear protective equipment. Participation in contact sports such as football, hockey, boxing, can increase the risk of concussion. Skateboarding, snowboarding, horseback riding, rollerblading, also pose a threat to the health of the brain. Helmet and cushioning lining can help avoid serious head injuries. Make sure that the safety devices sit well on you, keep them in order and use them all the time.
- Drive the car intelligently. Always fasten your seatbelt, observe speed limits, and do not drink alcohol and drugs, because they can reduce your reaction.
- Avoid fighting. Men often get a concussion than women, because they often respond to insults with their fists.