Syphilis can be infected not only sexually, but also in everyday life, with blood transfusions and intravenous injections. It is also possible to professionally infect and infect a child through the placenta during pregnancy. Prevention of syphilis is aimed at each of these ways and helps to protect a person from illness.
Contact path: prevention measures for syphilis
Most people get syphilis after having sex with infected partners. In order to minimize the risk of infection in this way, you need to follow simple but reliable advice:
- Eliminate random and casual sex;
- Use condoms;
- After unprotected intercourse with a high probability of infection, it is necessary to use "pocket" antiseptics( miramistin, gibitane, cidipol).This measure will be effective only for two hours after a possible infection, when the causative agent of the disease is still on the skin-mucous membranes. Six hours after accidental sexual contact, such treatment will be completely useless.
Infection with direct, non-
Infection can occur with indirect contact, that is, through the things of the patient. For example, you can get infected through objects that have come into contact with the mucous membrane of the oral cavity of such a person( toothbrush, spoons, glasses).The risk of household contamination is increased for family members or in a close closed group.
To prevent infection, the patient should have personal hygiene items and utensils.
If a person has had sexual or intimate contact with a patient with syphilis, then preventive( preventive) treatment is carried out. It is effective only when it is started no later than two months after this.
Infection in medical institutions indirectly is possible through a medical reusable tool( for example, through vaginal mirrors, instruments for endoscopy, dental instruments).Prophylaxis of syphilis in this case - the correct treatment and, if possible, the use of disposable instruments.
Is occupational infection possible
Direct contamination of medical personnel can occur when the patient is examined by syphilis, during contact with his internal organs, during medical procedures. But this occurs infrequently. Surgeons, obstetrician-gynecologists, dentists and pathologists are at a higher risk of infection than other doctors.
To prevent the pale treponem( syphilis pathogen) from entering the body, doctors and medical personnel must protect their hands with gloves. If the contagious material still got on the skin, then it urgently needs to be treated with a disinfectant.
Prevention of syphilis in blood transfusions
If a person has blood transfused from a syphilis donor, then the disease will develop. But such a situation can arise only in exceptional cases, since the blood and its components are carefully checked before transfusion. Perform tests to find out whether the donor has any infections.
Drug users with an intravenous route of administration expose themselves to a significantly greater risk of infection when sharing the same needles and syringes. If the causative agent of syphilis enters immediately into the bloodstream, then the manifestations of the disease will differ from the symptoms of infection in other ways of infection.
Prevention of congenital syphilis
Congenital syphilis Syphilis - the punishment of Venus develops in a child if the pregnancy of his mother has occurred against the background of the disease, or in the case when the woman has already contracted during pregnancy. The fetus is infected through the placenta, which usually occurs on the fourth or fifth months of pregnancy. Earlier this period, signs of syphilis Symptoms of syphilis - they can not be noticed in a child is not detected, even if his mother is sick.
During pregnancy, each woman should be examined three times using serological techniques. This occurs at the first visit to the obstetrician-gynecologist and taking it on account of pregnancy and on the sixth or seventh month.
If the analysis reveals that a woman is sick, then immediately begin treatment. This will help prevent infection of the child.
There are special treatment regimens for syphilis, which only a specialist should choose. Therapy is usually performed with penicillin series, ampicillin or erythromycin Erythromycin - if you have an allergy to penicillin .
Preventive treatment of syphilis Treatment of syphilis - laborious process should be performed during each pregnancy in women who have had this disease in the past, but they have not been taken off the register yet. If the patient received the main treatment in the early stages of pregnancy, then for the sixth or the seventh month it is necessary to start preventive therapy. In those cases where the main course was conducted at a later date, preventive treatment should be completed two weeks after this.
It is mandatory to conduct screening, prevention and treatment of syphilis in newborns whose mothers have not been adequately treated in the past and during pregnancy. Children use penicillin drugs, and if they are poorly tolerated, then prescribe oxacillin and ampicillin. Doses of drugs are selected depending on the weight of the child and his age.
The defeat of the central nervous, cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, respiratory and digestive systems, organs of sight and hearing - the consequences of infection with pale treponema. Despite the fact that syphilis treatment regimens have been developed and are quite effective, the first manifestations of syphilis can go unnoticed, and the therapy will start late. In order to prevent this, it is important to follow preventive measures.