Eye diseases today affect not only the adult population, but also increasingly children. Their names are growing, they are developing much faster than a few decades ago. Of course, this is connected with a large number of technical devices, without which we no longer represent our usual life: computers, telephones, laptops, tablets, air conditioners, televisions, etc. Diseases are divided depending on the affected area, the cause of their occurrence, etc. Of course, we can consider all of them in detail( and there are more than a hundred of them) only in specialized literature, so let's consider the most common of them.
- Common eye diseases and their symptoms century
- Infectious diseases of the eye
Common eye diseases and their symptoms century
- Blepharitis. Characterized by inflammation of the eyelids, manifested in the form of various deformations of the eyelid wall. The most common infection is Staphylococcus aureus( in children
- Barley. The cause in 90% of cases is Staphylococcus aureus, appears against the background of weakened immunity. It is characterized by the formation of a reddish edema( in acute cases - a purulent abscess) on the skin of the eyelids near the eyelashes, during the touch to which the patient is experiencing pain.
These two eye eyelid diseases are slightly similar, but barley is normally treatable, but blepharitis is very difficult.
Common conjunctival diseases of the eye and their symptoms
Conjunctivitis. Characterized by pronounced inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye, in which a person begins lacrimation, photophobia, eyelid edema, redness of the protein, a feeling of sand in the eyes, burning, purulent discharge. The causes that can lead to this disease: bacteria, allergic reaction, poisonous and toxic substances, bacteria and viruses. Depending on the reasons, different manifestations of conjunctivitis as eye diseases can develop into a chronic and acute form. An interesting fact: most common in blue-eyed.
Dry eye syndrome ( Xerophthalmia).It appears as a lack of natural moisturizing of the conjunctiva, due to which the protective film is not normally created on the surface of the eye. The first sign is the sensation of a foreign object, which soon turns into a feeling of dryness, burning. Additionally there are sharp drops in visual acuity, rapid fatigue of the eye, problems with focusing on objects during the day.
Common lens eye disease and its symptoms
The most common disease is cataract .It appears as a clouding of the lens, which can lead to complete loss of vision. The main symptom that the patient feels is reduced visual acuity. Most often, the disease manifests itself in people older than 50 years, while at the age of 75 it can be found in 90% of the population.
Depending on the place of the lens damage, the patient can identify the onset of the disease himself or accidentally on a professional examination with a doctor.
Cataracts can also occur in children, most often congenital and leading to strabismus, decreased vision, white pupil.
Common diseases with refractive error( ametropia)
Nearsightedness and farsightedness are the most common diseases, the symptoms of which are diametrically opposed to each other. With myopia, a person sees objects blurred at a distance, and with farsightedness it is difficult for him to focus on objects that are located just before his eyes. In both cases, symptoms are rapid fatigue of the eyes, discomfort, pain and pain in the eyes. Lead to these disorders in the optic system of the eye.
Common disease of the oculomotor apparatus
Strabismus ( strabismus or heterotrophy) - eye diseases in children and adults, which are characterized by a violation of the line of parallelism of the visual axes. Visually, one can observe an asymmetric position of the cornea in relation to the center and the edges of the eyes. People with this disease complain about the difficulty of focusing on one subject. Quite often observe an asymmetric arrangement of the cornea in children under one year, however, most often you should not worry before the time - usually already for 8-12 months everything passes.
Infectious Diseases of the Eye
These diseases should be categorized as they are most often encountered. If the doctor has diagnosed you, ending with "it", then most likely you have found eye infections( conjunctivitis, uveitis, iritis, etc.).The causative agent of an infection can get with blood, through dirty hands, through trauma or during an operation. People with avitaminosis and general weakening of the body, reduced immunity are highly susceptible to these diseases. In this case, the effect of infection can spread absolutely on all components of the structure of the eye.
& lt; As it can be seen, many of the symptoms are similar, because of what self-diagnosis is established and, even more so, it is impossible to prescribe a treatment. It is better to turn to an experienced ophthalmologist in time, than cause irreparable harm to health and miss valuable time.
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