Herpes during pregnancy - how dangerous is it for a baby?

Herpes during pregnancy It is known that hormonal changes in the body occur during pregnancy and some weakening of immunity. Therefore, pregnancy is a predisposing factor in the aggravation of many hidden diseases. Especially dangerous is herpes during pregnancy, no matter whether primary infection or exacerbation has occurred. As a rule, in pregnant women, most often a herpetic infection occurs in the form of a cold on the lips( labial herpes) or in the form of genital herpes.

What is herpes?

Herpes refers to a viral infection, the causative agent is the herpes simplex virus Herpes simplex - actually not so simple Simple herpes - in fact, things are not so simple ( HSV) of several types. During the disease, the mucous membranes and the skin of the human body are affected. Labial herpes caused by the herpes simplex virus of the first type, and genital herpes( herpes genitals) caused by herpes simplex virus of the second type. After the infection, the herpes virus is in most cases dormant in the nerve nodes. Activation of the virus occurs after exposure to unfavor

able factors: hypothermia, stress How to overcome stress?Create for yourself an oasis How to overcome stress?Create an oasis for yourself , reduced immunity. In pregnant women, the very state of expectation of the child is a predisposing factor for the activation of the virus. Infection occurs from person to person with direct contact. Genital herpes is transmitted sexually. It should be noted that it is possible to infect a child with herpes through the placenta.

clinical picture of herpes

As noted, herpes infection in pregnant women is manifested in the form of cold on the lips or in the form of genital herpes:

  • labial herpes

development of the disease occurs in four stages. On the first there is an itch or discomfort in the area of ​​the lips, perhaps a general malaise and a slight increase in temperature. Itching can be not only on the lips, but also in the tongue or other areas of the face. In the second stage - the stage of inflammation, which is characterized by a small edema and painful lips, over time it spreads, occupying a large surface. In the third stage, the herpetic vesicles are opened, from which a clear liquid flows( it contains a large number of viral embryos).At the site of the opening of the vesicles a sore is formed. And at the last, fourth stage, scabs are formed, which are located on the surface of sores. Palpation is painful, there may be a slight bleeding.

  • Genital herpes

Genital herpes is actually a little different from herpes labialis. Only herpetic eruptions are localized on the skin of large and small labia, the mucous membrane of the vagina and the cervix of the uterus. The duration of genital herpes is seven to ten days. In addition, genital herpes changes the nature of vaginal discharge. They become lean and watery. These allocations last five to seven days. There is also a worsening of the general condition, the appearance of muscle aches, headaches, a fever of 39 degrees. Some pregnant women notice itching or burning in the urogenital area before the appearance of herpetic vesicles.

Complications

consequences of suffering a herpes during pregnancy are numerous:

  • miscarriage, missed abortion development missed abortion - do not lose faith in yourself Frozen pregnancy - do not lose faith in yourself ( in the case of infection in the first trimester of pregnancy);
  • congenital malformations of the fetus;
  • lesions of the brain( microcephaly);
  • heart defects;
  • congenital viral pneumonia;
  • premature delivery.
  • Consequences of herpes transplant for a child( after birth):
  • sudden death of a child after birth;
  • cerebral palsy;
  • epilepsy;
  • blindness;
  • deafness.

Treatment

Treatment of herpes during pregnancy is carried out by external antiviral drugs( ointments, creams, gels).It is contraindicated to take pregnant( oral) antiviral drugs. The most common ointments are acyclovir Acyclovir - how safe is it? Acyclovir - how safe is it? ( used for five to seven days), oxolinic, alpizarin ointment and tromantadine( prescribed for ten days).To soften the scabs, apply the lubrication of crusts with fir oil, chamomile cream or ointment of marigold. Immunoglobulins are used to stimulate immunity.

Anna Sozinova